Publisher: Wikipedia 2014
A supernova is a stellar explosion that briefly outshines an entire galaxy, radiating as much energy as the Sun or any ordinary star is expected to emit over its entire life span, before fading from view over several weeks or months.
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by F. Thielemann, R. Hirschi, M. Liebendorfer, R. Diehl - arXiv
The authors focus on the astrophysical aspects, i.e. a description of the evolution of massive stars and their endpoints, with a special emphasis on the composition of their ejecta in form of stellar winds during the evolution or of explosive ejecta.
by Gerard 't Hooft - Utrecht University
Contents: The Metric of Space and Time; Curved coordinates; A short introduction to General Relativity; Gravity; The Schwarzschild Solution; The Chandrasekhar Limit; Gravitational Collapse; The Reissner-Nordstrom Solution; Horizons; and more.
by P.K. Townsend - arXiv
Notes for a course taught in part III of the Cambridge University Mathematical Tripos: gravitational collapse, Schwarzschild black hole, charged black holes; rotating black holes; energy and angular momentum; black hole mechanics; Hawking radiation.
by Simon C. O. Glover - arXiv
The author discusses our current understanding of the physical processes involved in the formation of Population III stars. He shows how we can identify the mass scale of the first dark matter halos to host Population III star formation.