forall x: An Introduction to Formal Logic
by P.D. Magnus
Number of pages: 160
forall x is an introduction to sentential logic and first-order predicate logic with identity, logical systems that significantly influenced twentieth-century analytic philosophy. After working through the material in this book, a student should be able to understand most quantified expressions that arise in their philosophical reading.
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by Bertrand Russell - University of Massachusetts Amherst
A very accessible mathematical classic. It sets forth in elementary form the logical definition of number, the analysis of the notion of order, the modern doctrine of the infinite, and the theory of descriptions and classes as symbolic fictions.
by Arnold W. Miller - arXiv
This is a set of questions written for a course in Mathematical Logic. Topics covered are: propositional logic; axioms of ZFC; wellorderings and equivalents of AC; ordinal and cardinal arithmetic; first order logic, and the compactness theorem; etc.
by Frank Waaldijk - arXiv
We give a theoretical and applicable framework for dealing with real-world phenomena. Joining pointwise and pointfree notions in BISH, natural topology gives a faithful idea of important concepts and results in intuitionism.
by Edward Nelson - Princeton Univ Pr
The book based on lecture notes of a course given at Princeton University in 1980. From the contents: the impredicativity of induction, the axioms of arithmetic, order, induction by relativization, the bounded least number principle, and more.