Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets
by William Stein
Publisher: Springer 2004
Number of pages: 166
This is a textbook about prime numbers, congruences, basic public-key cryptography, quadratic reciprocity, continued fractions, elliptic curves, and number theory algorithms. We assume the reader has some familiarity with groups, rings, and fields, and some programming experience. This book grew out of an undergraduate course that the author taught at Harvard University in 2001 and 2002.
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by R. D. Carmichael - John Wiley & Sons
The purpose of this book is to give the reader a convenient introduction to the theory of numbers. The treatment throughout is made as brief as is possible consistent with clearness and is confined entirely to fundamental matters.
by Allen Hatcher - Cornell University
An introductory textbook on elementary number theory from a geometric point of view, as opposed to the strictly algebraic approach. A fair amount of the book is devoted to studying Conway's topographs associated to quadratic forms in two variables.
by Wissam Raji - The Saylor Foundation
These are notes for an undergraduate course in number theory. Proofs of basic theorems are presented in an interesting and comprehensive way that can be read and understood even by non-majors. The exercises broaden the understanding of the concepts.
by William Edwin Clark - University of South Florida
One might think that of all areas of mathematics arithmetic should be the simplest, but it is a surprisingly deep subject. It is assumed that students have some familiarity with set theory, calculus, and a certain amount of mathematical maturity.