Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics
by Farshid Hajir
Publisher: University of Massachusetts 2005
Number of pages: 69
Contents: Problem Solving, Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning, An introduction to Proofs; Logic and Sets; Sets and Maps; Counting Principles and Finite Sets; (Equivalence) Relations and Partitions; Induction; Number Theory; Counting and Uncountability; Complex Numbers.
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by James Franklin, Albert Daoud - Kew Books
This is a small (98 page) textbook designed to teach mathematics and computer science students the basics of how to read and construct proofs. The book takes a straightforward, no nonsense approach to explaining the core technique of mathematics.
by Ted Sundstrom - Pearson Education, Inc.
'Mathematical Reasoning' is designed to be a text for the first course in the college mathematics curriculum that introduces students to the processes of constructing and writing proofs and focuses on the formal development of mathematics.
by Patrick Keef, David Guichard, Russ Gordon - Whitman College
Contents: Logic (Logical Operations, De Morgan's Laws, Logic and Sets); Proofs (Direct Proofs, Existence proofs, Mathematical Induction); Number Theory (The Euclidean Algorithm); Functions (Injections and Surjections, Cardinality and Countability).
by Jim Hefferon - Saint Michael's College
Introduction to Proofs is a Free undergraduate text. It is inquiry-based, sometimes called the Moore method or the discovery method. It consists of a sequence of exercises, statements for students to prove, along with a few definitions and remarks.