by Benedict de Spinoza
Publisher: eBooks@Adelaide 2009
Spinoza uses the methods of Euclid to describe a single entity, properly called both 'God' and 'Nature', of which mind and matter are two manifestations. From this follow, in ways that are strikingly modern, the identity of mind and body, the necessary causation of events and actions, and the illusory nature of free will.
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by Immanuel Kant
If there exists on any subject a philosophy (a system of rational knowledge based on concepts), then there must also be for this philosophy a system of pure rational concepts, independent of any condition of intuition, in other words, a metaphysics.
by David Hume - Project Gutenberg
Useful far beyond the small circle of scholarly experts. The Treatise has a fair claim to be the most important philosophical text ever written in English. After more than 250 years, Hume is still at the front line of philosophical inquiry.
by Nathan Nobis - Open Philosophy Press
The book presupposes no conclusions on the controversial moral questions about the treatment of animals, and argues for none either. Its goal is to help the reader better engage the issues and arguments on all sides with greater clarity.
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A philosophical work, in which the author grounds a policy of private property and free markets in an ethic of classical utilitarianism. Hazlitt writes on the relationship between economics and the good of society in general.