by Benedict de Spinoza
Publisher: D. Van Nostrand 1888
Number of pages: 386
Spinoza uses the methods of Euclid to describe a single entity, properly called both 'God' and 'Nature', of which mind and matter are two manifestations. From this follow, in ways that are strikingly modern, the identity of mind and body, the necessary causation of events and actions, and the illusory nature of free will.
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by William Kelley Wright - The Macmillan Company
The aim of this book is to present a comprehensive view of the different fields of Ethics of most importance for the understanding of the moral outlook and problems of our own time. The volume accordingly begins with Comparative Ethics.
by J. David Velleman - University of Michigan Library
The Possibility of Practical Reason explores the foundational questions of moral psychology: How can any of our behavior qualify as acting for a reason? David Velleman argues that both possibilities depend on there being a constitutive aim of action.
by David Hume - Project Gutenberg
Useful far beyond the small circle of scholarly experts. The Treatise has a fair claim to be the most important philosophical text ever written in English. After more than 250 years, Hume is still at the front line of philosophical inquiry.
by Bertrand Russell
This is a famous but very controversial piece by Bertrand Russell. He examines several highly regarded arguments for the existence (or necessity) of God. His main point however is the possibility of morality based on another principle than God.