by Benedict de Spinoza
Publisher: eBooks@Adelaide 2009
Spinoza uses the methods of Euclid to describe a single entity, properly called both 'God' and 'Nature', of which mind and matter are two manifestations. From this follow, in ways that are strikingly modern, the identity of mind and body, the necessary causation of events and actions, and the illusory nature of free will.
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by Immanuel Kant
If there exists on any subject a philosophy (a system of rational knowledge based on concepts), then there must also be for this philosophy a system of pure rational concepts, independent of any condition of intuition, in other words, a metaphysics.
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Key ideas in the fields of normative ethics, metaethics and applied ethics are explained rigorously and systematically. Individual theories are discussed in detail, before these positions are applied to a wide range of contemporary situations.
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The book seeks to demonstrate that living an ethical life requires a mode of perception that is best called ethical perception. Eve Rabinoff argues that the faculty of perception is informed by intellect and has an ethical dimension ...
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