Encyclopedia of Astrophysics
by Søren Bertil F. Dorch
Publisher: Scholarpedia 2009
Encyclopedia of Astrophysics covers cosmology, stellar astrophysics, space exploration, extragalactic astronomy, solar physics, planetary physics, computational astrophysics, and history of astronomy. Written by researchers leading in their field.
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by Eric Schulman - St. Martin's Press
From the Big Bang to the evolution of humans and the resignation of Richard Nixon, an astronomer offers a highly irreverent, entertaining, and scientifically correct overview of the most important cosmic milestones since the beginning of time.
by Luis A. Anchordoqui - arXiv
University level lecture notes: distance measurements by parallax, HR diagram, distance to a star using HR, stellar evolution, the Olbers paradox, the expansion of the universe, gravitational redshift, lookback time, elementary particles, etc.
by Oliver Lodge - Macmillan and co
A collection of 28 lectures on the history and progress of astronomy: Copernicus and the motion of the Earth; Tycho Brahe and his observatory; Kepler and the laws of planetary motion; Galileo and the invention of the telescope; Isaac Newton; etc.
by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.