Encyclopedia of Astrophysics
by Søren Bertil F. Dorch
Publisher: Scholarpedia 2009
Encyclopedia of Astrophysics covers cosmology, stellar astrophysics, space exploration, extragalactic astronomy, solar physics, planetary physics, computational astrophysics, and history of astronomy. Written by researchers leading in their field.
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by John Favill - Cornell Maritime Press
Astronomy, time, the astronomical triangle, trigonometry and reliable procedures for position finding are explained. The Primer takes into account all the stumbling blocks, and moves progressively from the simple fundamentals to the complex problems.
by Michael Perryman - arXiv
The history of astrometry, the branch of astronomy dealing with the positions of celestial objects, is a lengthy chronicle, having its origins in earliest records of astronomical observations, and extending to the high accuracy observations today.
by Luis A. Anchordoqui - arXiv
University level lecture notes: distance measurements by parallax, HR diagram, distance to a star using HR, stellar evolution, the Olbers paradox, the expansion of the universe, gravitational redshift, lookback time, elementary particles, etc.
by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.