The Quantum Hall Effect: Novel Excitations and Broken Symmetries
by Steven M. Girvin
Publisher: arXiv 1999
Number of pages: 124
These pedagogical lecture notes present a general introduction to most aspects of the integer and fractional quantum Hall effects. This is followed by an extensive discussion of quantum Hall ferromagnetism, both for spins in single-layer systems and "pseudospins" in double-layer systems. The effective field theories describing various broken symmetry states and "skyrmion" and "meron" spin textures are derived and discussed in some detail.
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by Abbass A Hashim - InTech
Written for researchers who have chosen to study an area that appeals to them and one in which they show a genuine interest. It is targeted together to form the knowledge pathway to obtain an advanced polymeric research in polymer thin film.
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by M. Kuno
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