Languages and Machines
by C. D. H. Cooper
Publisher: Macquarie University 2008
This is a text on discrete mathematics that discusses the mathematics behind computing science. It includes chapters on logic, set theory and strings and languages. There are some chapters on finite-state machines, some chapters on Turing machines and computability, and a couple of chapters on codes.
Download or read it online for free here:
(multiple PDF files)
by Vladlen Koltun - Stanford University
Contents: Sets and Notation; Induction; More Proof Techniques; Divisibility; Prime Numbers; Modular Arithmetic; Relations and Functions; Mathematical Logic; Counting; Binomial Coefficients; Inclusion-Exclusion Principle; Pigeonhole Principle; etc.
by Harris Kwong - Open SUNY Textbooks
This textbook covers the standard topics in discrete mathematics: logic, sets, proof techniques, basic number theory, functions, relations, and elementary combinatorics. It explains and clarifies the unwritten conventions in mathematics.
Discrete mathematics is the study of mathematical structures that are fundamentally discrete rather than continuous. This book will help you think well about discrete problems: problems where tools like calculus fail because there's no continuity.
by Herbert S. Wilf - A K Peters, Ltd.
The book about main ideas on generating functions and some of their uses in discrete mathematics. Generating functions are a bridge between discrete mathematics and continuous analysis. The book is suitable for undergraduates.