Mathematics and Biology: The Interface, Challenges, and Opportunities
by Simon A. Levin
This report explores some of the opportunities at the interface between biology and mathematics. To mathematicians, the report argues that the stimulation of biological application will enrich the discipline of mathematics for decades or more, as have applications from the physical sciences in the past. To biologists, the report underscores the power of mathematical approaches to provide insights available in no other way. To both communities, the report demonstrates the ferment and excitement of a rapidly evolving field.
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by J.I. Hamaker - P. Blakiston's Sons & Co.
Part I is designed to acquaint the student with the fundamentals of plant organization and life processes. Part II does the same for animals but in a more thorough method. Part III discusses the most important general biological phenomena.
by Heikki Hyotyniemi - Helsinki University of Technology
This report summarizes ten levels of abstraction - from the most elementary to the most general levels when modeling biological systems. The neocybernetic principles can be seen as the key to reaching a holistic view of complex processes in general.
by Albert Martini - Project Gutenberg
The lives and accomplishments of over 200 scientists are presented chronologically and are related to each other in order to illustrate the evolution of knowledge about biology and microbiology from the Classic Greek era to the present.
- CK-12 Foundation
This free online textbook covers seven units: Understanding Living Things; Cells: The Building Blocks of Life; Genetics and Evolution; Prokaryotes, Protists, Fungi, and Plants; The Animal Kingdom; The Human Body; and Ecology.