Gamma-Ray Bursts: Progress, Problems and Prospects
by Bing Zhang, Peter Meszaros
Publisher: arXiv 2008
Number of pages: 87
The cosmological gamma-ray burst (GRB) phenomenon is reviewed. The broad observational facts and empirical phenomenological relations of the GRB prompt emission and afterglow are outlined. A well-tested, successful fireball shock model is introduced in a pedagogical manner. Several important uncertainties in the current understanding of the phenomenon are reviewed.
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Gamma-ray bursts are flashes of gamma rays associated with extremely energetic explosions in distant galaxies. They are the brightest electromagnetic events known to occur in the universe. Bursts can last from ten milliseconds to several minutes.
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