An Introduction to Mathematical Logic
by Wolfram Pohlers, Thomas Glass
Number of pages: 229
This text treats pure logic and in this connection introduces to basic proof-theoretic techniques. In the second part fundamentals of model theory and in the third part those of recursion theory are dealt with. Furthermore, some extensions of first order logic are treated. Finally, axiom systems for number theory are introduced and Godel's theorems are proved.
This document is no more available for free.
by Bertrand Russell - W. W. Norton & Company
Russell's classic sets forth his landmark thesis that mathematics and logic are identical -- that what is called mathematics is simply later deductions from logical premises. His ideas have had a profound influence on the foundations of mathematics.
by Nick Bezhanishvili, Dick de Jongh - Universiteit van Amsterdam
In this course we give an introduction to intuitionistic logic. We concentrate on the propositional calculus mostly, make some minor excursions to the predicate calculus and to the use of intuitionistic logic in intuitionistic formal systems.
by Nuel Belnap - University of Pittsburgh
Contents: Grammar; The art of the logic of truth-functional connectives; Quantifier proofs; A modicum of set theory; Symbolizing English quantifiers; Quantifier semantics - interpretation and counterexample; Theories; Definitions.
This book provides a survey of mathematical logic and its various applications. After covering basic material of propositional logic and first-order logic, the course presents the foundations of finite model theory and descriptive complexity.