The Z Notation: A Reference Manual
by J. M. Spivey
Publisher: Prentice Hall 1992
Number of pages: 168
The standard Z notation for specifying and designing software has evolved over the best part of a decade. This an informal but rigorous reference manual is written with the everyday needs of readers and writers of Z specifications in mind.
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by David Schmidt - Kansas State University
Denotational semantics is a methodology for giving mathematical meaning to programming languages and systems. This book was written to make denotational semantics accessible to a wider audience and to update existing texts in the area.
by Hanne Riis Nielson, Flemming Nielson - John Wiley & Sons
The book covers the foundations of structural operational semantics and natural semantics. It shows how to describe the semantics of declarative as well as imperative language constructs and will also touch upon non-sequential constructs.
by Peter Selinger - Dalhousie University
Topics covered in these notes include the untyped lambda calculus, the Church-Rosser theorem, combinatory algebras, the simply-typed lambda calculus, the Curry-Howard isomorphism, weak and strong normalization, type inference, etc.
by Michael I. Schwartzbach - IT University of Copenhagen
These notes present principles and applications of static analysis of programs. We cover type analysis, lattice theory, control flow graphs, dataflow analysis, fixed-point algorithms, narrowing and widening, control flow analysis, pointer analysis.