The Z Notation: A Reference Manual
by J. M. Spivey
Publisher: Prentice Hall 1992
Number of pages: 168
The standard Z notation for specifying and designing software has evolved over the best part of a decade. This an informal but rigorous reference manual is written with the everyday needs of readers and writers of Z specifications in mind.
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by Shriram Krishnamurthi - Brown University
Many people would regard this as being two books in one. One book is an introduction to programming, teaching you basic concepts of organizing data and the programs that operate over them. The other book is an introduction to programming languages.
by D.E. Rydeheard, R.M. Burstall
The book is a bridge-building exercise between computer programming and category theory. Basic constructions of category theory are expressed as computer programs. It is a first attempt at connecting the abstract mathematics with concrete programs.
by Keijo Ruohonen - Tampere University of Technology
In these notes the classical Chomskian formal language theory is fairly fully dealt with, omitting however much of automata constructs and computability issues. Surveys of Lindenmayer system theory and the mathematical theory of codes are given.
by Andrew M. Pitts - University of Cambridge
These notes introduce the structural, operational approach to programming language semantics. The course shows how to specify the meaning of some simple programming language constructs and to reason formally about semantic properties of programs.