The Z Notation: A Reference Manual
by J. M. Spivey
Publisher: Prentice Hall 1992
Number of pages: 168
The standard Z notation for specifying and designing software has evolved over the best part of a decade. This an informal but rigorous reference manual is written with the everyday needs of readers and writers of Z specifications in mind.
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by Robert Harper
Provides an account of the role of type theory in programming language design and implementation. The stress is on the use of types as a tool for analyzing programming language features and studying their implementation.
by Keijo Ruohonen - Tampere University of Technology
In these notes the classical Chomskian formal language theory is fairly fully dealt with, omitting however much of automata constructs and computability issues. Surveys of Lindenmayer system theory and the mathematical theory of codes are given.
by Andrew M. Pitts - University of Cambridge
These notes introduce the structural, operational approach to programming language semantics. The course shows how to specify the meaning of some simple programming language constructs and to reason formally about semantic properties of programs.
by David Schmidt - Kansas State University
Denotational semantics is a methodology for giving mathematical meaning to programming languages and systems. This book was written to make denotational semantics accessible to a wider audience and to update existing texts in the area.