The First Stars
by Simon C. O. Glover
Publisher: arXiv 2012
Number of pages: 72
The author discusses our current understanding of the physical processes involved in the formation of Population III stars. He shows how we can identify the mass scale of the first dark matter halos to host Population III star formation, and discusses how gas undergoes gravitational collapse within these halos, eventually reaching protostellar densities.
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A supernova is a stellar explosion that briefly outshines an entire galaxy, radiating as much energy as the Sun or any ordinary star is expected to emit over its entire life span, before fading from view over several weeks or months.
by Gerard 't Hooft - Utrecht University
Contents: The Metric of Space and Time; Curved coordinates; A short introduction to General Relativity; Gravity; The Schwarzschild Solution; The Chandrasekhar Limit; Gravitational Collapse; The Reissner-Nordstrom Solution; Horizons; and more.
by Eric Gourgoulhon - arXiv
These notes introduce the theory of rotating stars in general relativity. The focus is on the theoretical foundations, with a detailed discussion of the spacetime symmetries, the choice of coordinates and the derivation of the equations of structure.
by George W. Collins, II - Pachart Pub. House
The virial theorem is extremely powerful in understanding problems of stellar astrophysics, but it is also poorly understood by many who study the subject. This book should be viewed as a guided introduction, punctuated by a few examples.