An Introduction to Higher Mathematics
by Patrick Keef, David Guichard, Russ Gordon
Publisher: Whitman College 2010
Number of pages: 144
Contents: Logic (Logical Operations, De Morgan's Laws, Logic and Sets); Proofs (Direct Proofs, Existence proofs, Mathematical Induction, Indirect Proof); Number Theory (The Euclidean Algorithm, The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic); Functions (Injections and Surjections, Cardinality and Countability, Uncountability of the Reals).
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by Alexander Bogomolny - Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles
I'll distinguish between two broad categories. The first is characterized by simplicity. In the second group the proofs will be selected mainly for their charm. Most of the proofs in this book should be accessible to a middle grade school student.
by Joseph Fields - Southern Connecticut State University
The point of this book is to help you with the transition from doing math at an elementary level (concerned mostly with solving problems) to doing math at an advanced level (which is much more concerned with axiomatic systems and proving statements).
by Farshid Hajir - University of Massachusetts
Problem Solving, Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning, An introduction to Proofs; Logic and Sets; Sets and Maps; Counting Principles and Finite Sets; Relations and Partitions; Induction; Number Theory; Counting and Uncountability; Complex Numbers.
by Richard Hammack - Virginia Commonwealth University
This textbook is an introduction to the standard methods of proving mathematical theorems. It is written for an audience of mathematics majors at Virginia Commonwealth University, and is intended to prepare the students for more advanced courses.