Publisher: Wikipedia 2014
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are flashes of gamma rays associated with extremely energetic explosions that have been observed in distant galaxies. They are the brightest electromagnetic events known to occur in the universe. Bursts can last from ten milliseconds to several minutes.
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by V. Avila-Reese - arXiv
The old dream of integrating into one the study of micro and macrocosmos is now a reality. Cosmology, astrophysics, and particle physics intersect in a scenario of cosmic structure formation and evolution called Lambda Cold Dark Matter model.
by Bing Zhang, Peter Meszaros - arXiv
The cosmological gamma-ray burst phenomenon is reviewed. The broad observational facts and empirical relations of the GRB prompt emission and afterglow are outlined. A well-tested fireball shock model is introduced in a pedagogical manner.
by F. Aharonian, A. Bykov, E. Parizot, V. Ptuskin, A. Watson - arXiv
We review sources of cosmic rays, their composition and spectra as well as their propagation in the galactic and extragalactic magnetic fields, both regular and fluctuating. A special attention is paid to the recent results of the observations.
by James Edward Keeler - University of California Publications
The main purpose of this volume is to reproduce and make available for study, the larger and more interesting nebulae and clusters, sixty-eight in number. James Edward Keeler was the director of the Lick observatory 1898 - 1900.