Gaming the Metrics: Misconduct and Manipulation in Academic Research
by Mario Biagioli, Alexandra Lippman
Publisher: The MIT Press 2020
Number of pages: 306
Gaming the Metrics examines how the increasing reliance on metrics to evaluate scholarly publications has produced radically new forms of academic fraud and misconduct. The contributors show that the metrics-based 'audit culture' has changed the ecology of research, fostering the gaming and manipulation of quantitative indicators, which lead to the invention of such novel forms of misconduct as citation rings and variously rigged peer reviews.
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