The Beginning and Evolution of the Universe
by Bharat Ratra, Michael S. Vogeley
Publisher: arXiv 2008
Number of pages: 69
The authors review the current standard model for the evolution of the Universe from an early inflationary epoch to the complex hierarchy of structure seen today. The text concludes with discussion of some open questions in cosmology. This review is designed to provide a graduate student or other new worker in the field an introduction to the cosmological literature.
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by Marieke Postma - NIKHEF
Contents: Big Bang Cosmology; Inflation; Cosmological perturbations; CMB data; Particle physics models of inflation; Brane inflation; Literature; Curvature perturbation constant on superhorizon scales; Moduli are massless modes in the 4D EFT.
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This is a review of the physics and cosmology of the cosmological constant. The author presents an overview of cosmology in the presence of a cosmological constant, observational constraints on its magnitude, and the physics of a small vacuum energy.
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The modern approach to quantum cosmology, as initiated by Hartle and Hawking, Linde, Vilenkin and others. We explain how one determines the consequences for the late universe of a given quantum theory of cosmological initial or boundary conditions.
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