by Regina Schulte-Ladbeck, at al.
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing 2010
Number of pages: 238
Dwarf galaxies provide opportunities for drawing inferences about the processes in the early universe by observing our "cosmological backyard" -- the Local Group and its vicinity. This special issue of the open-access journal Advances in Astronomy is a snapshot of the current state of the art of dwarf-galaxy cosmology. The issue contains fourteen review papers, and one original research article.
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by Jean-Paul Kneib, Priyamvada Natarajan - arXiv
Clusters of galaxies are the most recently assembled, massive, bound structures in the Universe. Given their masses, clusters strongly deform space-time in their vicinity. Clusters act as the most powerful gravitational lenses in the Universe.
by J. A. Peacock - arXiv
Basics of inflationary models for the early universe, concentrating on the generation of density fluctuations from scalar-field dynamics. The subsequent gravitational dynamics of these fluctuations in dark matter in a Friedmann model are described.
by Chanda J. Jog, Francoise Combes - arXiv
The light distribution in the disks of many galaxies is non-axisymmetric or 'lopsided' with a spatial extent larger along one half of a galaxy than the other. In this review, the observations to measure the lopsided distribution will be discussed.
by James Edward Keeler - University of California Publications
The main purpose of this volume is to reproduce and make available for study, the larger and more interesting nebulae and clusters, sixty-eight in number. James Edward Keeler was the director of the Lick observatory 1898 - 1900.