by Abraham Loeb
Publisher: arXiv 2006
Number of pages: 157
The first dwarf galaxies, which constitute the building blocks of the collapsed objects we find today in the Universe, had formed hundreds of millions of years after the big bang. This pedagogical review describes the early growth of their small-amplitude seed fluctuations from the epoch of inflation through dark matter decoupling and matter-radiation equality, to the final collapse and fragmentation of the dark matter.
Home page url
Download or read it online for free here:
by Andrei Linde - arXiv
Linde offers a thorough investigation of modern cosmology and its relation to elementary particle physics, including a large introductory section containing a complete discussion of inflationary cosmology for those not yet familiar with the theory.
by Sean M. Carroll - arXiv
This is a review of the physics and cosmology of the cosmological constant. The author presents an overview of cosmology in the presence of a cosmological constant, observational constraints on its magnitude, and the physics of a small vacuum energy.
by T. Clifton, P.G. Ferreira, A. Padilla, C. Skordis - arXiv
In this review we present a thoroughly comprehensive survey of recent work on modified theories of gravity and their cosmological consequences. We cover General Relativity, Scalar-Tensor, Einstein-Aether, Bimetric theories, TeVeS, Galileons, etc.
by Christian Knobel - arXiv
This text aims to give a pedagogical introduction into the main concepts of the theory of structure formation in the universe. The text is suited for graduate students of astronomy with a moderate background in general relativity.