A practical guide to Basic Statistical Techniques for Data Analysis in Cosmology
by Licia Verde
Publisher: arXiv 2008
Number of pages: 52
This is the summary of 4 Lectures given at the XIX Canary islands winter school of Astrophysics: The Cosmic Microwave Background, from Quantum Fluctuations to the present Universe. Lectures were intended for master / beginning PhD students in cosmology.
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The discovery of dark energy has generated enormous interest beyond cosmology and has dramatic implications for fundamental physics. Distance measurements using supernova explosions are the most direct probes of the expansion history of the Universe.
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Gravitational-wave experiments with interferometers and with resonant masses can search for stochastic backgrounds of gravitational waves of cosmological origin. We review both experimental and theoretical aspects of the search for these backgrounds.
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Dwarf galaxies provide opportunities for drawing inferences about the processes in the early universe by observing our Local Group and its vicinity. This issue is a snapshot of the current state of the art of dwarf-galaxy cosmology.
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The accelerating expansion of the universe is the most surprising cosmological discovery in many decades, implying that the universe is dominated by dark energy. We review in detail the most well established methods for making such measurements.