Popular & Elementary (7)
e-books in Cosmology category
by Yu. L. Bolotin, et al. - arXiv.org , 2018
Cosmography is in fact a kinematics of cosmological expansion. The effectiveness of cosmography lies in the fact that it allows, based on the observations, to perform a rigid selection of models that do not contradict the cosmological principle.
by V. A. Rubakov - arXiv.org , 2018
Cosmology and particle physics are deeply interrelated. Among the common problems are dark energy, dark matter and baryon asymmetry of the Universe. We discuss these problems in general terms, and concentrate on several particular hypotheses.
by Juan Garcia-Bellido - arXiv.org , 2005
In these lectures I review the present status of the so-called Standard Cosmological Model, based on the hot Big Bang Theory and the Inflationary Paradigm. I will make special emphasis on the recent developments in observational cosmology ...
by B. Novosyadlyj, V. Pelykh, Yu. Shtanov, A. Zhuk - Akademperiodyka , 2013
The book elucidates the current state of the dark energy problem and presents the results of the authors, who work in this area. It describes the observational evidence for the existence of dark energy, the methods of constraining of its parameters.
by Daniel Baumann, Liam McAllister - arXiv , 2014
We review cosmological inflation and its realization in quantum field theory and string theory. We describe two intertwined approaches to the physics of inflation: from the bottom up in effective field theory, and from the top down in string theory.
by David L. Wiltshire - arXiv , 2013
These lecture notes review the theoretical problems associated with coarse-graining the observed inhomogeneous structure of the universe at late epochs, of describing average cosmic evolution in the presence of growing inhomogeneity ...
by Gerd Pommerenke - viXra , 2013
A special solution of the Maxwell equations is presented, which disposes of the properties the Higgs-field must have, if it should not violate already secured perceptions and observations. If both fields are identical remains to be seen at this time.
by Yu. L. Bolotin, et al. - UniverseInProblems.com , 2013
Problem book on cosmology that includes its spectacular recent achievements. There are over 1000 problems, covering topics from the dynamics of the expanding Universe and CMB to cosmology beyond the Lambda-CDM model and holography.
by Jerome Martin - arXiv , 2012
This text discusses the cosmological constant problem at a pedagogical but fully technical level. We review how the vacuum energy can be regularized in flat and curved space-time and how it can be understood in terms of Feynman bubble diagrams.
by Christian Knobel - arXiv , 2012
This text aims to give a pedagogical introduction into the main concepts of the theory of structure formation in the universe. The text is suited for graduate students of astronomy with a moderate background in general relativity.
by T. Clifton, P.G. Ferreira, A. Padilla, C. Skordis - arXiv , 2012
In this review we present a thoroughly comprehensive survey of recent work on modified theories of gravity and their cosmological consequences. We cover General Relativity, Scalar-Tensor, Einstein-Aether, Bimetric theories, TeVeS, Galileons, etc.
by Nicola Bartolo, Sabino Matarrese, Antonio Riotto - arXiv , 2007
These notes present the computation of the system of Boltzmann equations describing the evolution of the photon, baryon and cold dark matter fluids up to second order in perturbation theory. They follow the time evolution of the CMB anisotropies.
by Marieke Postma - NIKHEF , 2009
Contents: Big Bang Cosmology; Inflation; Cosmological perturbations; CMB data; Particle physics models of inflation; Brane inflation; Literature; Curvature perturbation constant on superhorizon scales; Moduli are massless modes in the 4D EFT.
by Adnan Ghribi - InTech , 2011
Two main questions of modern cosmology are still to be answered: What is the nature of dark matter and dark energy? This book attempts to understand these questions while giving some of the most promising advances in modern cosmology.
by Robert H. Brandenberger - arXiv , 2011
This text covers the theory of cosmological perturbations, which describes the generation of inhomogeneities in the early universe and their evolution until the current time. The theory is applied to three classes of models of the early universe.
by Alejandra Kandus, Kerstin E. Kunze, Christos G. Tsagas - arXiv , 2011
We review the question of primordial magnetic fields and consider the limits set on their strength by the observational data. The various mechanisms of pre-recombination magnetogenesis are presented and their advantages and shortcomings are debated.
by Andrei Linde - arXiv , 2005
Linde offers a thorough investigation of modern cosmology and its relation to elementary particle physics, including a large introductory section containing a complete discussion of inflationary cosmology for those not yet familiar with the theory.
by Massimo Giovannini - arXiv , 2006
The main motivations and challenges related with the physics of large-scale magnetic fields are briefly analyzed. The interplay between large-scale magnetic fields and scalar CMB anisotropies is addressed with specific attention on recent progresses.
by David H Lyth - arXiv , 1993
These notes form an introduction to cosmology with special emphasis on large scale structure, the cmb anisotropy and inflation. In some places a basic familiarity with particle physics is assumed, but otherwise no special knowledge is needed.
by Mark Trodden, Sean M. Carroll - arXiv , 2004
These proceedings summarize lectures in elementary particle physics at the University of Colorado at Boulder. They provide a pedagogical introduction to cosmology aimed at advanced graduate students in particle physics and string theory.
by Subir Sarkar - arXiv , 1996
We first present a pedagogical account of relativistic cosmology and primordial nucleosynthesis, discussing both theoretical and observational aspects, and then examine such constraints in detail, in particular those pertaining to new particles.
by Robert H. Brandenberger - arXiv , 1997
Modern cosmology has created a tight link between particle physics / field theory and a wealth of new observational data on the structure of the Universe. These notes focus on some aspects concerning the connection between theory and observations.
by Sean M. Carroll - arXiv , 2000
This is a review of the physics and cosmology of the cosmological constant. The author presents an overview of cosmology in the presence of a cosmological constant, observational constraints on its magnitude, and the physics of a small vacuum energy.
by T. Padmanabhan - arXiv , 2006
Here is an introduction to several advanced topics in contemporary cosmology. Topics covered: the thermal history of the universe, linear perturbation theory, theory of CMBR temperature anisotropies and the inflationary generation of perturbation.
by Abraham Loeb - arXiv , 2006
The first dwarf galaxies, which constitute the building blocks of the collapsed objects we find today, had formed hundreds of millions of years after the big bang. This review describes the early growth of their small-amplitude seed fluctuations.
by James M. Cline - arXiv , 2007
A pedagogical introduction to aspects of string cosmology, including the landscape (BPBT) solution to the cosmological constant problem, brane-antibrane inflation, warped compactification, the KKLMMT model, the eta problem of SUGRA models, etc.
by A. D. Dolgov - arXiv , 2009
Introductory lectures on cosmology for students specializing in particle physics are presented. Many important subjects are not covered because of lack of time and space but hopefully the lectures may serve as a starting point for further studies.
by Bharat Ratra, Michael S. Vogeley - arXiv , 2008
The authors review the current standard model for the evolution of the Universe from an early inflationary epoch to the complex hierarchy of structure seen today. The text concludes with discussion of some open questions in cosmology.
by David Langlois - arXiv , 2010
Inflation is today the main theoretical framework that describes the early Universe. These lectures give an introduction to inflation and the production of primordial perturbations, and a review of some of the latest developments in this domain.
by J. J. Halliwell - arXiv , 1990
The modern approach to quantum cosmology, as initiated by Hartle and Hawking, Linde, Vilenkin and others. We explain how one determines the consequences for the late universe of a given quantum theory of cosmological initial or boundary conditions.
by Grigory E. Volovik - Oxford University Press , 2003
There are fundamental relations between two vast areas of physics: particle physics and cosmology (micro- and macro-worlds). The main goal of this book is to establish and define the connection of these two fields with condensed matter physics.
by J. A. Peacock - arXiv , 1996
Basics of inflationary models for the early universe, concentrating on the generation of density fluctuations from scalar-field dynamics. The subsequent gravitational dynamics of these fluctuations in dark matter in a Friedmann model are described.
by Rien van de Weygaert, Willem Schaap - arXiv , 2007
The lecture notes describe the Delaunay Tessellation Field Estimator for Cosmic Web analysis. The high sensitivity of Voronoi/Delaunay tessellations to the local point distribution is used to obtain estimates of density and related quantities.
by James E. Lidsey, David Wands, E. J. Copeland - arXiv , 2000
Aspects of superstring cosmology are reviewed with an emphasis on the cosmological implications of duality symmetries in the theory. The string effective actions are summarized and toroidal compactification to four dimensions reviewed.
by U. A. Yajnik - arXiv , 2008
We begin with a recapitulation of General Relativity, and the Standard Model of Cosmology. This is followed by lectures on inflation, density perturbations, study of hot and cold relics decoupled from the remaining constituents, and baryon asymmetry.
by D.L. Wiltshire - arXiv , 2003
An introduction to quantum cosmology for an audience consisting for a large part of astronomers, and also a number of particle physicists. The author emphasizes those aspects of quantum cosmology which are of most interest to astronomers.
by Jean-Luc Lehners - arXiv , 2009
Ekpyrotic and cyclic cosmologies provide theories of the very early and of the very late universe. In these models, the big bang is described as a collision of branes - and thus the big bang is not the beginning of time.
by V. L. Kalashnikov - arXiv , 2001
The author presents the pedagogical introduction to relativistic astrophysics and cosmology, which is based on computational and graphical resources of Maple 6. The knowledge of basics of general relativity and differential geometry is supposed.