The Fundamentals of Stellar Astrophysics
by George W. Collins, II
Publisher: W H Freeman & Co 2003
Number of pages: 494
This book is aimed at first year graduate students or the very advanced undergraduates. I assume throughout that the readers have considerable factual knowledge of stars and astronomy. I shall attempt to describe the development of a nearly axiomatic theory of stellar structure that is consistent with what we know about stars. The terminal phases of stellar evolution are treated schematically.
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by Gerard 't Hooft - Utrecht University
Contents: The Metric of Space and Time; Curved coordinates; A short introduction to General Relativity; Gravity; The Schwarzschild Solution; The Chandrasekhar Limit; Gravitational Collapse; The Reissner-Nordstrom Solution; Horizons; and more.
by Andreas Schmitt - arXiv
Cold and dense nuclear and quark matter can be found in the interior of compact stars. The author gives a pedagogical introduction to microscopic calculations based on phenomenological models, effective theories, and perturbative QCD.
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A course on stellar atmospheres: radiation theory, blackbody radiation, flux, specific intensity and other astrophysical terms, absorption, scattering, extinction, the equation of transfer, limb darkening, atomic spectroscopy, and more.
A supernova is a stellar explosion that briefly outshines an entire galaxy, radiating as much energy as the Sun or any ordinary star is expected to emit over its entire life span, before fading from view over several weeks or months.