History of Astronomy
by George Forbes
This book starts with the ancient Chinese, then goes through the Chaldeans, Greeks, and Arabs, then Copernicus and others of the Renaissance, and lastly the 18th and 19th centuries. There are chapters about the telescope and other instruments, the sun, moon, planets and the stars.
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by Luis A. Anchordoqui - arXiv
University level lecture notes: distance measurements by parallax, HR diagram, distance to a star using HR, stellar evolution, the Olbers paradox, the expansion of the universe, gravitational redshift, lookback time, elementary particles, etc.
by Eric Schulman - St. Martin's Press
From the Big Bang to the evolution of humans and the resignation of Richard Nixon, an astronomer offers a highly irreverent, entertaining, and scientifically correct overview of the most important cosmic milestones since the beginning of time.
by Herbert Hall Turner - E. Arnold
The aim of the following pages is to illustrate the variety in character of astronomical discoveries. An attempt has indeed been made to arrange the examples into a rough sequence according to the amount of chance associated with the discovery.
by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.