Introduction to Computational Complexity
by Martin Tompa
Number of pages: 85
These are the lecture notes from a graduate course on Computational Complexity taught at the University of Washington. This text adopts some approaches that will appear unconventional. For example, alternating Turing machines are introduced very early, and deterministic and nondeterministic Turing machines treated as special cases. This simplifies many proofs, such as that of Savitch's Theorem, the P-completeness of the circuit value problem, the NP-completeness of the satisfiability problem, and the PSPACE-completeness of the quantified Boolean formula problem.
Home page url
Download or read it online for free here:
by Tim Roughgarden - Stanford University
The two biggest goals of the course are: 1. Learn several canonical problems that have proved the most useful for proving lower bounds; 2. Learn how to reduce lower bounds for fundamental algorithmic problems to communication complexity lower bounds.
by Oded Goldreich - Cambridge University Press
The book gives the mathematical underpinnings for cryptography; this includes one-way functions, pseudorandom generators, and zero-knowledge proofs. Throughout, definitions are complete and detailed; proofs are rigorous and given in full.
by Sanjeev Arora, Boaz Barak - Cambridge University Press
The book provides an introduction to basic complexity classes, lower bounds on resources required to solve tasks on concrete models such as decision trees or circuits, derandomization and pseudorandomness, proof complexity, quantum computing, etc.
by Herbert S. Wilf - AK Peters, Ltd.
An introductory textbook on the design and analysis of algorithms. Recursive algorithms are illustrated by Quicksort, FFT, and fast matrix multiplications. Algorithms in number theory are discussed with some applications to public key encryption.