Cosmic Rays and the Search for a Lorentz Invariance Violation
by Wolfgang Bietenholz
Publisher: arXiv 2008
Number of pages: 81
This is an introductory review about the on-going search for a signal of Lorentz Invariance Violation (LIV) in cosmic rays. The author first summarizes basic aspects of cosmic rays, focusing on rays of ultra high energy (UHECRs).
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by Gerard 't Hooft - Utrecht University
Contents: The Metric of Space and Time; Curved coordinates; A short introduction to General Relativity; Gravity; The Schwarzschild Solution; The Chandrasekhar Limit; Gravitational Collapse; The Reissner-Nordstrom Solution; Horizons; and more.
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In this review, after describing the extreme astrophysical systems of interest and identifying the key relevant plasma-physical problems, we survey the recent progress in the development of QED-based relativistic quantum plasma physics theory.
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Lecture notes for a university course. Contents: Some Fundamental definitions; Bremsstrahlung and black body; Beaming; Synchrotron emission and absorption; Compton scattering; Synchrotron Self-Compton; Pairs; Active Galactic Nuclei.
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This text introduces some basic problems arising in gravitation and modern cosmology. All along the discussion the guiding theme is provided by the phenomenological and theoretical properties of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB).