by H. Andreka, I. Nemeti, I. Sain
Number of pages: 129
Part I of the book studies algebras which are relevant to logic, e.g. algebras which were obtained from logics. Part II deals with the methodology of solving logic problems by (i) translating them to algebra (the process of algebraization), (ii) solving the algebraic problem, and (iii) translating the result back to logic.
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by Bertrand Russell - W. W. Norton & Company
Russell's classic sets forth his landmark thesis that mathematics and logic are identical -- that what is called mathematics is simply later deductions from logical premises. His ideas have had a profound influence on the foundations of mathematics.
by Nuel Belnap - University of Pittsburgh
Contents: Grammar; The art of the logic of truth-functional connectives; Quantifier proofs; A modicum of set theory; Symbolizing English quantifiers; Quantifier semantics - interpretation and counterexample; Theories; Definitions.
An undergraduate college level textbook covering first order predicate logic with identity but omitting metalogical proofs. The first rules of formal logic were written over 2300 years ago by Aristotle and are still vital.
by Wolfgang Rautenberg - Springer
A well-written introduction to the beautiful and coherent subject. It contains classical material such as logical calculi, beginnings of model theory, and Goedel's incompleteness theorems, as well as some topics motivated by applications.